What is Diabetes Mellitus?

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The number of people worldwide suffer from diabetes has skyrocketed in the last two decades, from 30 million to 230 million, claiming millions of lives and very tiring ability systemsto health care deal with the epidemic, according to data released Saturday by the International Diabetes Federation.
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What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a disease in which your body can not properly store and use fuel for energy. Fuel your body needs is called glucose, a type of sugar. Glucose comes from foods such as breads, cereals, pasta, rice, potatoes, fruits and some vegetables. To use glucose, your body needs insulin. Insulin is made by a gland in your body called the pancreas. There are three types of diabetes: type 1, 2, and gestational diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs only during pregnancy.

Diabetes mellitus type

Diabetes mellitus is a clinically heterogeneous disorder with many causes. Two main classification of diabetes mellitus exist, idiopathic and secondary.

Idiopathic diabetes is divided into two main types; subscription insulin and non-insulin-depenedent. -Insulin Dependent diabetes mellitus, IDDM (type 1) is defined by the development of ketoacidosis in the absence of insulin therapy. Type 1 diabetes most often manifests in childhood (hence also called juvenile onset diabetes) and is the result of autoimmune destruction of b-cells of the pancreas. Free - insulin - dependent diabetes mellitus, NIDDM (type 2) is characterized by persistent hyperglycemia but rarely lead to ketoacidosis. Type 2 diabetes usually manifests after the age of 40 and therefore has the obsolete name of adult-onset diabetes of type. Type 2 diabetes can result from genetic defects that lead to insulin resistance and insulin deficiency. There are two main forms of diabetes type 2:

1. The end of the beginning associated with obesity.
2. The late onset is not associated with obesity.

Sample meal plan

Choosing foods that you like and that satisfy you, and include carbohydrate foods in a meal or snack to help regulate blood glucose levels. You can eat your main meal at lunch or dinner.

Get help immediately if symptoms occur Diabetes

Sometimes, the onset of diabetes - particularly type 1 - can be abrupt. This can cause a condition called 'keto acidosis', which is a medical emergency. Symptoms of this condition are loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting, excessive passing urine, change of consciousness and, finally, coma. Seek immediate medical attention if these symptoms occur.